What are steroids?

Steroids usually refers to Anabolic steroids, also known more properly as anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetic substances or man-made derivatives of testosterone, the male hormone.

How do steroids work?

 Anabolic agents are potent promoters of protein synthesis and thus are muscle building. Anabolic steroids are usually androgenic, meaning that they enhance male characteristics—body hair, muscle, male genitalia, and deep voice.

Advertisement

Advertisement

List of Anabolic Steroids

These all lead to bigger and stronger muscles. Some names of popular steroids include

  • Nelvar
  • Deca-Durabolin
  • Anavar
  • Winstrol
  • Stanozolol
  • Dianabol
  • Anadrol-50

Advertisement

Advertisement

Route of Administration

Types of anabolic steroids include oral and intramuscular injection.

Steroids taken orally have a half-life of several hours, while injected steroids have a half-life of several days. Steroids taken orally usually come on the form of a pill. It takes these water-soluble pills three to four weeks to clear the body.

The oil-based injections take six to eight months to leave the body. After steroids are taken, the steroid molecule bonds to cell receptor sites. Now the steroid molecule can increase protein synthesis, increase nitrogen retention, make metabolic changes, and increase size and strength of skeletal muscle cells.

Advertisement

Side effects of anabolic steroids

Regularly taking anabolic steroids can lead to physical and psychological changes in both men and women, as well as potentially dangerous medical conditions.

Physical effects

Effects of anabolic steroids in men can include:

  • Reduced sperm count
  • Infertility
  • Shrunken testicles
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Baldness
  • Breast development
  • Sncreased risk of prostate cancer
  • Severe acne
  • Stomach pain

In women, anabolic steroids can cause:

  • Facial hair growth and body hair
  • Loss of breasts
  • Swelling of the clitoris
  • A deepened voice
  • An increased sex drive
  • Problems with periods
  • Hair loss
  • Severe acne

Psychological effects

Misusing anabolic steroids can also cause the following psychological or emotional effects:

  • Aggressive behaviour
  • Mood swings
  • Paranoia
  • Manic behaviour
  • Hallucinations and delusions

Advertisement

Advertisement

Stunted growth in adolescents
Anabolic steroids accelerate bone growth, so if they’re misused by adolescents who haven’t yet had the growth spurt associated with puberty, the drugs can cause premature ageing of the bones and restricted growth.
Sharing needles
As anabolic steroids are often injected, there are risks associated with sharing needles. These are the same risks associated with recreational drug use, and include:
  • Damage to veins, leading to ulcers or gangrene
  • Hepatitis B infection
  • Hepatitis C infection
  • HIV transmission
Addiction
Like many other substances, anabolic steroids are addictive. This means you can crave the drug, require more to get the same effect, and have withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop taking them. A person who is addicted to anabolic steroids will want to keep using them despite experiencing unpleasant physical side effects. When doctors prescribe steroid medication, they always advise coming off the medication slowly by gradually reducing the dose. Coming off anabolic steroids suddenly can result in withdrawal symptoms that include:
  • Depression and apathy
  • Feelings of anxiety
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Insomnia
  • Anorexia
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Extreme tiredness (fatigue)
  • Headaches
  • Muscle and joint pain

Advertisement

Long-Term Effects

In addition, both men and women who take anabolic steroids can develop any of the following medical conditions:

  • Heart attack or stroke
  • Liver or kidney problems or failure
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Blood clots
  • Fluid retention
  • High cholesterol

Like us on facebook

Advertisement

Advertisement

Join the discussion 6 Comments

  • Fausto Murphy says:

    It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or
    advice. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.

    I desire to read more things about it! I am sure this
    paragraph has touched all the internet viewers, its really really fastidious post.

  • Kiersten says:

    Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and coverage!

    Keep up the good works guys I’ve included you guys to my
    own blogroll. Hello! Someone in my Facebook
    group shared this website with us so I came to give it a look.
    I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will
    be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and wonderful
    style and design.

  • Phyllis says:

    Hi there, I found your blog by way of Google whilst looking
    for a comparable matter, your web site got here up, it seems to be great.

    I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, just turned into alert to your weblog through
    Google, and located that it is truly informative. I am going to watch out for brussels.
    I’ll be grateful in the event you continue this in future.
    Numerous other folks will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  • Lily says:

    I’ve been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours today, yet I never discovered any interesting article like yours. It is beautiful value enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made
    excellent content as you did, the internet can be a lot more useful than ever before.

  • Sushi says:

    Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I’m going to watch out for Brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  • Hatch says:

    I like reading an article that will make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing for me to comment!

Leave a Reply

© 2018, DietChart.co

error: Content is protected !!